NEOLITHIC PERIOD - MYCENEAN PERIOD - ARCHAIC PERIOD
Hydra has been maned after the Island's
plentyfull waters, which gushed from
the founts that existed in the ancient
mention the island by the name Hydrea.In
the interior of the Islandhave been
found traces of ancient living quarters,
according to chaeological excavations
that took place in the location of "Episkopi".
The first residents of the island where
to various archaeological findings in
the place Episkopi of Hydra, scientists
have concluded that the emigration to
the island had begun long before the
Homeric period, meaning the after Neolithic
time (3000 - 2600 B.C.). Hydra didn't
manage, to the centuries that followed, to evolve in a place
socially and historically capable of being.
Hydria, as Herodotus used to call the island of Hydra, around
the 13th century, is becoming the place of Driops farmers,
fishermen and shepherds, who used to live to the Parnassus
Two centuries later, with the descent
of Dorians, Driops are disappearing and
so the life in the island. During
Archaic times, Hydra didn't have to offer
anything of Historical value.
was probably under the command of the
king of Mycenae, then
it was bought from Hermions until
525 B.C and then again it was bought from political
refugees from Samos to be given totrizinians,
who wanted the island for farming and forager.
small number of Historians make references to Hydra. Among
them are Herodotus, Ptolemaios the Geographer, Pausanias
and the lexicographers, Stefanos the Byzantios and Isixios.
CLASSIC TIMES - ROMAN TIMES - BYZANTINE TIMES
The only testimony that we have for Hydra
times is that of Stefanos the Byzantine, who
refers to one of the inhabitants of the island
by the name Euagis.
We do not have enough information
in Roman and Byzantine times.
gave the impression that the island was uninhabited,
but archaeological findings in the place Episkopi
show different. It looks like that, because
of pirate evasions from which most
citizens left from the Island and others gone
to the interior of it
In the beginning of the 15th
was inhabited by a few shepherd families. From
1460, Orthodox Albanian refugees, who fought
side of the Venetians against the Turks, came
to the island and became fishermen. It is the
time that the building spree starts in Hydra
and the first town in the hill of the place
Kiafa is created.
Because of the hostile climate
the pirates in Mediterranean, immigration becomes
intensive. One second immigration wave reaches
Hydra, at the end of the 16th Century, when
come to stay.
Amongst them the families
Kokkini and Kountourioti from Ipeiros, The family
Barou from Kynthos and Nrga, Gioni, Gouma, Giakoumaki
later Tompazi, Kiosse, Saxini from Genova, Vokou
them Miaouli from Evboia. More immigrants are
coming to the small island of Hydra during the
That period we had the Venetian
the Russian - Tyerk war. That's why in the start
of the Greek revolution the island of Hydra
had a population of 27.000 people. That had
got positive results, especially in sea commerce
To the end of the 18th century
Hydra became a great nautical power with 150
ships. The island is in its peak.
PRO EVOLUTION PERIOD
This demographic revolution
certainly had its positive
effects on the evolution of social Hydraiki
course. Of the most positive were to promote
the development of trade and major development
rapid development of shipping in Hydra.
Hydra evolves into a great naval power
a commercial fleet of 150 ships.
the Russo-Turkish Treaty
Kainardji (1774) and together with the favor
administration, which was based much on seamanship
of Hydra, who served in the Turkish fleet,
ensured that the island and the appointment
in 1802 his skilful and motivated George Voulgaris
as governor of the Turks and the locus tenens
(lest Kotzabasis) and especially with
of the Greek sailors of the blockade imposed
by the UK ports of France, during the Napoleonic
wars, for grain transportation, combined with
the disappearance of French ships from the eastern
Mediterranean, have resulted in that time that
the island saw its highest strength and thus
its economic and spiritual flourishing.
and commercial activity
college in the fetches Italian and Portuguese
teachers for the systematic teaching of seamanship,
and the adoption of specific laws
to regulate such transactions.
in 1821, this island of the Saronic Gulf numbered
about 27,000 inhabitants
HYDRA, UNDER THE QUIDANCE OF ITS GLORIOUS ANCENSTORS
In 1802 the administrative
island changes with the arrival of Dimas
Voulgaris. Voulgaris placed by the
Sultan as the governor and supervisor of Hydra,
Poros and Spetses. His prudent administration
and the Ottoman favor on his face contributed
to elevate the island into a most favourable
The period that follows under
is one of financial strength, of piracy suppression
and peace, which gave the opportunity to Hydra
to organize its society; Meanwhile the constant
battles that fought with the pirates turned
them over time from petty farmers and shepherds
in experienced soldiers.
Hydra was used
thus it has taken the leading role in maritime
and communications. Flourishing trade has been
in the late 18th century and early 19th. Then
the Hydra took advantage of the English-French
earned huge profits by controlling the sea
of the privileges of the free navigation and
under the protection of the Russian flag and
the international laws created by the French
Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Hydra
expert of the sea routes of the Mediterranean
emerged as the first naval power
the Greek islands.
GREEK REVOLUTION OF 1821
Important was the help of
Hydra to the liberation of Greece in 1821.During
the war, Hydra was in full alert and ready for
battle with the turkish troop. The Captain
of turks Hibraim called Hydra "Little England".
the sea during the seven year war with the turks,
contributing this way to the liberation of Greece,
sacrificing many human lifes,
and money. Ant. Oikonomou started
at the island. Worthy sea fighters were the
Miaoulis, the Captains Iak. and Man. Tompazis, Anast.
G. Saxtouris, G. Saxinis, Ant. Kriezis and the
brothers Vokoi. Big role also
Matrozos, Andr. Pipinos and Vatikiotis.
admiral Pavlos Koundouriotis, as Captain of the Greek
fleet, won the turks. In 1924, Pavlos Kountouriotis was
the first President of
period, Nikolaos Votsis,
For over half a century, admiralties
Bishops Patsis, Parisis,Epiphanios, Kalaphatis andProkopios Georgantopoulos. In
the Academicians A. Lignos, I.
Xaramis, N. Hatzikiriakos-Gkikas, P.Tetsis and
the painter N. Nikolaou.
The 20th century
despite its previous flourishing , driven slowly
on the verge of an economic decline.
The "driving" force
the sponge-fishing was in
mainly due to the limitation of financial support
for the sponge-fishing operations by the Agricultural
Bank of Greece.
of St. Nicholas, creating their own community.
for growth and regeneration
and filmmakers "discover" Hydra
their films, this was a direct consequence of
the rapid economic and tourist traffic to the
island, which has evolved since then into a
cosmopolitan tourist resort.
In the 1950s
the "Boy on a Dolphin" with
internationally. Among the most famous films
in Black" by Michael Cacoyannis with Ellie
excellent reviews in the European festival
and the Jules Dassin's film "Phaedra" with
Mercouri and the
Anthony Perkins and Ralph Wallonia.
Lennon, Klapton, Rolling Stones, Onassis
Pex Xarison, Peter Oystinof, Leonard
and many others visited the island and also
became a place of inspiration for many art people
like Xatzikyriakos, Gikas, Seferis, Engonopoulos,
Miller, Tetsis the Byzantios .
Greek tourism and cultural life, remains
of the Gulf Islands and certainly
the greatest resorts in Greece.